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Europeana Regia : une bibliothèque numérique collaborative de manuscrits royaux

 

Europeana Regia a pour but de reconstituer en une bibliothèque virtuelle l’essentiel des documents royaux européens, du Moyen Âge à la Renaissance. Ce projet permettra aux chercheurs ainsi qu’au grand public d’accéder à ces documents rares et précieux à l’horizon2012 sur des plateformes telles que Gallica, Belgica, Manuscripta Medievalia et Europeana.

Piloté par la BnF, Europeana Regia réunit cinq bibliothèques européennes et concerne quelqueneuf cents manuscrits témoins de l’histoire politique, culturelle et artistique de l’Europe.

Le projet est axé sur trois ensembles aujourd’hui dispersés en Europe :

  • les manuscrits carolingiens (425 manuscrits),
  • les manuscrits de la librairie du Louvre, à l’époque de Charles V et de Charles VI (167 manuscrits)
  • la bibliothèque des rois aragonais de Naples (285 manuscrits).

Il recouvre plusieurs actions complémentaires, telle que la définition de processus communs aux partenaires (numérisation, organisation des métadonnées, multilinguisme), la constitution des métadonnées (catalogage, indexation) et la numérisation proprement dite.

Europeana Regia will create a European corpus of digitised manuscripts, testimonies of the circulation of texts and art in Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. This corpus will be available through Europeana.

A selection of representative collections, today spread between different Member States, has been chosen to focus on several important moments of the political, cultural and artistic history of Europe:

  • Bibliotheca Carolina, masterworks from the main abbeys and bishop schools of the Carolingian Empire (8th-9th centuries), including Reichenau, Saint-Denis, Corbie, Reims, Saint-Amand, Freising, Wissembourg. The manuscripts show the intellectual and artistic activity of these centres of religious life, ecclesiastical and imperial power, and their numerous exchanges of texts and patterns (425 manuscripts).
  • The Library of King Charles V, the most outstanding royal collection of illuminated manuscripts from the 14th century, which was, thanks to the circulation of copies, at the heart of aristocratic culture in France, England, Flanders, and Burgundy (167 manuscripts).
  • The Library of the Aragon Kings of Naples : this stupendous collection is a unique concentration of masterworks of French, Venitian, Napolitan, Lombard, and Spanish illumination. It is the symbol, beyond political frontiers, of the cultural unity of Europe (285 manuscripts).
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